Contents

Introduction

This page provides a chronological timeline of events and discussion relating to the separation of immigrant children from their parents on the U.S. border in June of 2018.

The Associated Press reported on 17 June 2018 at 2:44 PM CT: “Hundreds of children are waiting away from their parents inside a Border Patrol holding facility in South Texas, with groups of 20 or more children to a single cage.” Amnesty International declared the situation to be torture.

To those who are enthusiastic supporters of separating families and putting toddlers in detainment centers (as much as 56% for some demographics such as Texas Republican men), this document may appear to be biased. However, much effort was made to include viewpoints from a variety of people, including those generally supportive of the President, as well as some members of his family. Reports from Fox News are included here, a network traditionally supportive of the President. Responses from those attending his most recent rally are also included. Comments from some people in the administration defending the practice of family separation are included as well. Yet, there was an overwhelming chorus of people and international agencies speaking out against what was going on.

This document reflects a close approximation of what was being said in the news and social media over the four days in which the crisis reached a breaking point.

At the bottom of this document, past immigration concerns have also been addressed including those under President Obama.

Feedback Welcome

Your feedback is welcome. Additions, corrections, or suggestions will help shape this document. If you see misrepresentations, bias, or missing information. Please use the comments area at the bottom of the document. Thanks!

White House Position

The current U.S. President and some members of his administration had been making two points regarding the separation of immigrant families including taking toddlers and infants from their mothers. To paraphrase:

  1. Deterrence Benefits. Torturing* children and their parents through the method of separation and detainment can serve as a deterrent to stop others who may consider entering the country. It will show we are tough on immigration.
  2. Democrats to Blame. The U.S. President, all Republicans, all state governments, the National Guard, and all local police are unable to stop the separation of immigrant children from their parents because of a law that the Democrats created and are now enforcing. According to this narrative, the Democrats are in complete control and nobody can do anything to stop it.

The White House position is summarized in the following tweet:

That tweet from the President was viewed by some as functioning like a kind of ransom note demanding that the Democrats approve the wall funding, or else the separations would continue. It was viewed by some Republicans as ‘bad optics.’

Eventually, after receiving pressure from family members, Republicans, media allies, and others, and seeing that the situation could result in a poor political outcome, the President and the American people reached an agreement that children would no longer be held in cages apart from their parents, but instead would be held in cages with their parents.

Many people expressed the concerned that separating children from their parents is abusive, cruel, and a violation of international human rights. They are demanding that the practice stop immediately insisting that there are more humane ways to address immigrants crossing the border.

Related News and Discussion

Below are news and comments relating to this issue. Times are listed in Central Time. Some of these are peripherally related news stories. An attempt has been made to not duplicate stories, and also to find the original source or report of a story. A effort is made to use a variety news and media sources that are generally trusted or favored by people with different political views.

Rep. Pramila Jayapal – 29 Jun 2018 at 2:02 PM

MSNBC – 25 Jun 2018

Melania Trump – 21 Jun 2018 at 8:20 PM

Margaret Talev – 21 Jun 2018 at 12:30 PM

Channel 4 News – 21 Jun 2018 at 12:18 PM

BBC Breaking News – 21 Jun 2018 at 11:33 AM

Fox News – 21 Jun 2018 at 11:26 AM

NBC Politics – 21 Jun 2018 at 11:25 AM

CNN – 21 Jun 2018 at 11:22 AM

Ivanka Trump – 21 Jun 2018 at 11:21 AM

CSPAN – 21 Jun 2018 at 11:20 AM

Margaret Talev – 21 Jun 2018 at 11:18 AM

Melania Trump via AP Politics – 21 Jun 2018 at 11:17 AM

West Wing Reports – 21 Jun 2018 at 11:17 AM

Channel 4 News – 21 Jun 2018 at 10:55 AM

PBS Frontline – 21 Jun 2018 at 9:10 AM

PBS NewsFocus – 21 Jun 2018 at 9:00 AM

UN Human Rights – 21 Jun 2018 at 8:57 AM

Note: The family separation immigration crisis in the Unites States, taking place during World Immigration Day, increased world awareness and discussion of immigrant rights and treatment as is reflected by this UN Human Rights statement. The U.S. is distancing itself from UN human rights initiatives and entities.

CSPAN – 21 Jun 2018 at 7:51 AM

Note: With an overall approval rating of 45% (Gallup), and some demographics (Republican men in Texas) supporting the separation of children from their mothers at the border, Donald Trump is reveling in his almost unstoppable fame. At the rally below, supporters, fans, and devotees laud, cheer, and praise him. He continues to hold rallies at stadiums overflowing beyond capacity filed with cheering supporters as shown here.

TIME – 21 Jun 2018 at 7:00 AM

“John Moore, a Pulitzer Prize-winning photographer for Getty Images, has been photographing immigrants crossing the U.S.-Mexico border for years. This week one of his pictures became the most visible symbol of the immigration debate in America.” [More…]

AP Politics – 21 Jun 2018 at 5:44 AM

Washington Post – 21 Jun 2018 at 5:43 AM

Washington Post – 21 Jun 2018 at 5:37 AM

AP News – 20 Jun 2018 at 11:43 PM

Washington Post – 20 Jun 2018 at 9:25 PM

Donald Trump – 20 Jun 2018 at 6:30 PM

Note: Despite the family separation crisis, Trump has 45% approval and continues to fill stadiums with supporters, fans, and devotees. Here’s his tweet from a capacity crowd rally on 20 Jun 2018 at 6:30 PM.

Robert Reich – 20 Jun 2018 at 6:06 PM

Guardian – 20 Jun 2018 at 6:01 PM

NPR – 20 Jun 2018 at 5:35 PM

The Hill – 20 Jun 2018 at 5:34 PM

ABC News Politics – 20 Jun 2018 at 5:33 PM

Tom Arnold – 20 Jun 2018 at 5:31 PM

John Kasich – 20 Jun 2018 at 5:29 PM

PBS NewsHour – 20 Jun 2018 at 5:20 PM

BuzzFeed Politics – 20 Jun 2018 at 5:18 PM

The Nation – 20 Jun 2018 at 5:12 PM

NBC Politics – 20 Jun 2018 at 5:00 PM

Robert Reich – 20 Jun 2018 at 3:59 PM

Donald Trump Twitter Post Video – 20 Jun 2018 at 3:39

NPR Politics – 20 Jun 2018 at 2:55 PM

Anthony Scaramucci, Podcast – 20 Jun 2018 at 2:55 PM

CSPAN – 20 Jun 2018 at 2:54 PM

NPR – 20 Jun 2018 at 2:45 PM

Margaret Talev – 20 Jun 2018 at 2:42 PM

Fox News – 20 Jun 2018 at 2:38 PM

Ivanka Trump – 20 Jun 2018 at 2:28 PM

Fox News – 20 Jun 2018 at 2:28 PM

PBS – 20 Jun 2018 at 2:27 PM

Politico – 20 Jun 2018 at 2:26 PM

Pres. Donald Trump Executive Order – 20 Jun 2018 at 2:24 PM

NBC – 20 Jun 2018 at 2:23 PM

PBS NewsHour – 20 Jun 2018 at 2:20 PM

Fox News – 20 Jun 2018 at 2:19 PM

ABC News – 20 Jun 2018 at 2:19 PM

NPR – 20 Jun 2018 at 2:18 PM

Tulsi Gabbard – 20 Jun 2018 at 1:48 PM

Fox News – 20 Jun 2018 at 1:46 PM

Politics Group – 20 Jun 2018 at 1:18 PM

The Guardian – 20 Jun 2018 at 1:16 PM

Fox News – 20 Jun 2018 at 1:12 PM

Politics Group – 20 Jun 2018 at 1:09 PM

Politics Group – 20 Jun 2018 at 1:06 PM

ABC News – 20 Jun 2018 at 1:03 PM

Politics Group – 20 Jun 2018 at 12:58 PM

NBC Politics – 20 Jun 2018 at 12:47 PM

Politics Group – 20 Jun 2018 at 12:37

Politics Group – 20 Jun 2018 at 12:31 PM

Guardian – 20 Jun 2018 at 12:16 PM

Alex Moe – 20 June 2018 at 12:16 PM

Matthew Nussbaum – 20 June 2018 at 12:13 PM

Anthony Scaramucci – 20 Jun 2018 at 11:51 AM

AmericanAirlines – 20 June 2018 at 11:50 AM

CNN Politics – 20 Jun 2018 at 10:31 AM

Joel Searby – 20 Jun 2018 at 10:30 AM

PBS – 20 Jun 2018 at 10:15 AM

“Trump administration officials say they have no clear plan yet on how to reunite the thousands of children separated from their families at the border since the implementation of a zero-tolerance policy in which anyone caught entering the U.S. illegally is criminally prosecuted.” [More…]

Pramila Jayapal – 20 Jun 2018 at 8:51 AM

Democrat News Conference via Fox News – 20 Jun 2018 at ~8:30 AM

View on PeriscopePscp.tv/FoxNews/1OdKrprjaRkJX

Politics Group – 20 Jun 2018 at 8:12 AM

Mike Pompeo, World Refugee Day Statement – 20 Jun 2018 at 8:06 AM

CBS – 20 Jun 2018 at ~7:00 AM

The number of undocumented children held in federal detention centers is growing. The Department of Health and Human Services says nearly 12,000 minors are living in its network of shelters right now. The majority tried to cross the border of their own, but an increasing number were forcibly separated from their famiies. Adriana Diaz reports on how two Florida lawmakers were turned away at a detention facility.

James Clapper via CNN – 20 Jun 2018 at ~7:00 AM

VICE Media – 20 Jun 2018 at 6:54 AM

Howard Kurtz via Fox News – 20 Jun 2018 at 6:03 AM

NBC News – 20 Jun 2018 at 5:53 AM

Jeff Flake on ‘Tender Age’ Shelters – 20 Jun 2018 5:31 AM

The story referred to is from 5:31 AM. This Tweet is from 6:52 AM.

Ralph Reed via Politico – 20 Jun 2018 at 4:10 AM

UN Refugee Agency – 20 Jun 2018 at 1:36 AM

Voice of America News – 20 Jun 2018 at ~1:30 AM

Rick Wilson – 20 Jun 2018 at 12:07 AM

Donna Brasile via Fox News – 19 Jun 2018 at 11:30 PM

NBC Politics – 19 Jun 2018 at 9:17 PM

Note: The complete MSNBC video is here: Youtu.be/tGrdGQpAkMI

Ivanka Trump via CNN – 19 Jun 2018 at 9:23 PM

DuWayne Gregory – 19 Jun 2018 at 8:20 PM

8 Kids from Border Now in Long Island

United Nations – 19 Jun 2018 at 9:54 PM

NPR – 19 Jun 2018 at 4:09 PM

Note: A parallel story during the family separation immigration crisis was the U.S. decision to withdraw from the UN Human Rights council. Some suggest the two stories are unrelated. Others point out that the ‘optics’ are not good. The move seems to indicate a lack of interest in cooperation with other nations on human rights concerns.

“After more than a year of complaints and warnings — some subtle and others a little less so — the Trump administration has announced that the United States is withdrawing from the United Nations Human Rights Council. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo and Ambassador to the U.N. Nikki Haley announced the decision in a joint statement Tuesday.” [More…]

Tim Canova – 19 Jun 2018 at 4:03 PM

CBC News, Canada – 19 Jun 2018

VICE News – 19 Jun 2018

NowThis – 18 Jun 2018 at 10:23 PM

Laura Ingraham – 18 Jun 2018 at 10:13 PM

Laura Ingraham via The Hill – 18 Jun 2018 9:46 PM

Stephen Colbert – 18 Jun 2018 8:40 PM

John McCain – 18 Jun 2018 at 6:29 PM

DHS Secretary Kirstjen Nielsen – 18 Jun 2018 at 6:30 PM

Yes! Magazine – 18 Jun 2018 at 6:15 PM

Dr. Colleen Kraft via NPR – 18 Jun 2018 at 3:22 PM

NPR’s Audie Cornish talks with Dr. Colleen Kraft, president of the American Academy of Pediatrics, about her visit to a shelter where children who have been separated from parents after crossing the U.S.-Mexico border are being housed.

CBC News, Canada – 18 Jun 2018

TIME – 18 Jun 2018

“Nearly 2,000 children were separated from their families during a six-week period in April and May, as the Trump Administration cracked down on illegal immigration with a “zero-tolerance” policy of separating families at the border.”

KTLA – 18 Jun 2018 at 3:35 PM

Chuck Schumer via CSPAN – 18 Jun 2018 at 3:04 PM

Anthony Scaramucci – 18 June 2018 at 2:12 PM

Donald Trump via CBC Canada  – 18 Jun 2018 at 1:55 PM

“It’s the Democrats fault… The United States will not be a migrant camp and it will not be a refugee holding facility… We want a merit based immigration system so that Boeing and Lockheed … can hire people on a merit basis.”

If the embedded video below has an error, you can use this link to view it on YouTube https://youtu.be/k7lEt_Yr6-w.

Mitt Romney – 18 Jun 2018 at 1:50 PM

NPR – 18 Jun 2018 at 1:05 PM

Jeff Sessions via CNN – 18 Jun 2018 at 1:00 PM

If the embedded video below has an error, you can use this link to view it on YouTube https://youtu.be/OuTQbJKY7Cc.

Amnesty International – 18 Jun 2018 at 12:53 PM

The following is from a statement released by Amnesty International on 18 June 2018 at 12:53 PM CDT:

The sickening images of children cruelly separated from their parents and held in cages as a result of Attorney General Jeff Sessions’ policy of ‘zero-tolerance’ will leave an indelible stain on the reputation of the USA, said Amnesty International today.

“This is a spectacularly cruel policy, where frightened children are being ripped from their parent’s arms and taken to overflowing detention centres, which are effectively cages. This is nothing short of torture. The severe mental suffering that officials have intentionally inflicted on these families for coercive purposes, means that these acts meet the definitions of torture under both US and international law,” said Erika Guevara-Rosas, Amnesty International’s Americas Director.

“There is no question that President Trump administration’s policy of separating mothers and fathers from their children is designed to impose severe mental suffering on these families, in order to deter others from trying to seek safety in the USA. Many of these families come from countries experiencing generalized violence and grave human rights violations, including Honduras and El Salvador. This is a flagrant violation of the human rights of these parents and children and is also a violation of US obligations under refugee law.”

Attorney General Jeff Sessions announced the “zero-tolerance policy for criminal illegal entry” on 6 April 2018. Since the policy came into effect, more than 2,000 children have been separated from their parents or legal guardians at the US border. Children’s rights are violated in multiple ways: they are detained, they are separated from their parents or guardians, and they are exposed to unnecessary trauma that might affect their development.

Statistics obtained by news media suggest that thousands more migrant families may have been separated by the Trump administration even prior to this new policy.

Amnesty International recently interviewed 17 asylum-seeking parents who were forcibly separated from their children, and all but three of them had entered the USA legally to request asylum.

“The claims of the Trump administration ring hollow. This cruel and unnecessary practice is being inflicted not only on families crossing irregularly, but also on those seeking protection at ports of entry. The majority of these families fled to the US to seek international protection from persecution and targeted violence in the Northern Triangle, where their governments are unwilling or unable to protect them,” said Guevara-Rosas.

Secretary of Homeland Security Kirstjen Nielsen has denied a policy of separating families is in place, but her statement from January this year confirms that the intention all along has been to target families: “We’re looking at a variety of ways to enforce our laws to discourage parents from bringing their children here.” Her predecessor John Kelly, now Trump’s chief of staff, suggested the policy as early as March 2017 “in order to deter” families of migrants and asylum seekers from coming to the USA.

“Make no mistake, these family separations are a crisis of the government’s own making. The U.S. government is playing a sick game with these families’ lives by playing politics with what is a serious and mounting refugee crisis. Just as we have seen with previous immigration reforms from this administration, authorities have chosen to target the very families seeking safety in the USA, adding to the trauma and pain they have already experienced,” said Erika Guevara-Rosas.

Amnesty International is calling on the administration to immediately put an end to this unnecessary, devastating and unlawful policy of forced separation, and to reunite those families that have already been separated as quickly as possible.

Sean Spicer via Fox News – 18 Jun 2018 at 11:50 AM

If the embedded video below has an error, you can use this link to view it on YouTube https://youtu.be/QAIYFANSpuw.

CNN – 18 Jun 2018 at 11:08 AM

Homeland Security Secretary Kirstjen Nielsen via Washington Post – 28 Jun 2018 at 11:01 AM

PBS – 18 Jun 2018 at 10:40 AM

NPR – 18 Jun 2018 at 10:35 AM

Al Jazeera – 18 Jun 2018 at 10:30 AM

Politics Group – 18 Jun 2018 at 10:20 AM

Jeb Bush – 18 Jun 2018 at 10:18 AM

DHS Secretary Kirstjen Nielsen via Politico – 18 Jun 2018 at 10:15 AM

The View – 18 Jun 2018 at 10:00 AM

If the embedded video below has an error, you can use this link to view it on YouTube https://youtu.be/PAjtoB7AE00.

Melania Trump via Guardian – 18 Jun 2018 at 9:59 AM

Cardinal Daniel DiNardo via NPR – 18 Jun 2018 at 9:15 AM

The Nation – 18 Jun 2018 at 9:13 AM

New York Times – 18 Jun 2018 at 9:00 AM

CNN – 18 Jun 2018 at 5:48 AM

Peter Baker of the NY Times – 17 Jun 2018 11:01 PM

The Times Magazine – 17 Jun 2018 at 9:03 PM

Sister Norma Pimentel, Humanitarian Relief Worker via Democracy Now! – 17 Jun 2018 at 8:50 PM

Laura Bush – 17 Jun 2018 at 8:47 PM

Beto O’Rourke via Medium.com – 17 Jun 2018 at 8:19 PM

Now This – 17 Jun 2018 at 8:02 PM

Melania Trump via Washington Post – 17 Jun 2018 at 7:39 PM

DHS Secretary Kirstjen Nielsen – 17 Jun 2018 at 4:52 PM

John Moore, Photographer via CNN – 17 Jun 2018 at 4:41 PM

Susan Collins – 17 Jun 2018 at 3:48 PM

Mark Pocan – 17 Jun 2018 at 3:33 PM

NowThis – 17 Jun 2018 at 3:33 PM

Domestic Workers – 17 Jun 2018 3:24 PM

John Bussey via Fox News – 17 Jun 2018 at 3:20 PM

Peter Welch – 17 Jun 2018 at 3:17 PM

“I just exited a border patrol “processing facility” known as the “icebox.” It is nothing short of a prison. I saw chain link cages full of unaccompanied children. They sat on metal benches and stared straight ahead silently. And I met a woman named Reina who was being extorted in Guatemala. She traveled 14 days with her 13 year old daughter and turned herself in at the border for asylum. She hasn’t seen her daughter in two days and didn’t know where she was. No one had told her that her daughter had been taken to a shelter. This is disgraceful. #KeepFamiliesTogether”

NPR – 17 Jun 2018 at 3:04 PM

Associated Press – 17 Jun 2018 at 2:44 PM

Melania Trump via CNN – 17 Jun 2018 at 2:32 PM

Trump Family Members Celebrate Father’s Day – 17 Jun 2018 at 2:12

In the midst of this raging public discussion, which reached a peak on Father’s Day, some believe that it might have been better for members of the Trump family not to post pictures showing themselves with their own children. It’s considered by some to be ‘bad optics.’

Senator Jack Reed via Fox News – 17 Jun 2018 at 1:50 PM

Anthony Scaramucci – 17 Jun 2018 at 1:49 PM

Susan Collins and Jeff Flake via POLITICO – 17 Jun 2018 at 1:38 PM

Roberta Jacobson via NPR – 17 Jun 2018 at 1:33 PM

New York Times – 17 Jun 2018 at 1:00 PM

NPR – 17 Jun 2018 at 12:46 PM

NPR – 17 Jun 2018 at 12:41 PM

Politics Group – 17 Jun 2018 at 11:40 AM

Bill Clinton via Fox News – 17 Jun 2018 at 11:33 AM

New York Times – 17 Jun 2018 at 11:02 AM

UN Refugee Agency – 17 Jun 2018 at 10:36 AM

UN Refugee Agency – 17 Jun 2018 at 7:32 AM

Father Jonathan via Fox News – 17 Jun 2018 at 6:39 AM

UN Geneva – 16 Jun 2018 at 8:52 PM

United Methodist Church via The Hill – 16 Jun 2018 at 6:21 PM

The Intercept – 16 Jun 2018 at 6:12 PM

Jeh Johnson via CNN – 16 Jun 2018 at 2:36 PM

VICE News – 16 Jun 2018 at 2:27 PM

Beto O’Rourke – 16 Jun 2018 at 1:15 PM

NPR – 16 Jun 2018 at 12:38

PBS NewsHour – 15 Jun 2018 at 9:00 PM

Donald Trump – 15 Jun 2018 at 12:08 PM

Donald Trump via CSPAN – 15 Jun 2018 at 9:26 AM

Jeff Sessions via NPR – 15 Jun 2018 at 8:50 AM

Jeff Sessions via Washington Post – 15 Jun 2018 at 6:37 AM

Mindy Finn – 15 Jun 2018 at 5:11 AM

VICE Media – 14 Jun 2018

Listen To A Judge Tell An Immigrant Father He Doesn’t Know Where Her Child Is

CBS News – 14 Jun 2018

“Criticism is swirling around a Texas shelter that houses more than 1,000 immigrant boys, including some who were separated from their families at the border. Speaker Paul Ryan said Thursday he is not comfortable with the Trump administration separating children from their parents. Washington Post reporter Emma Brown joins CBSN to give us an inside look at the facility.”

Eric Holder – 14 Jun 2018 at 11:10 PM

Chris Cuomo – 14 Jun 2018 at 10:02 PM

Jeff Sessions via NPR – 14 Jun 2018 at 9:46 PM

TRT World, News from Turkey – 14 Jun 2018 7:20 PM

PBS NewsHour – 14 Jun 2018 at 5:38 PM

Chris Cuomo interview with Jim Jordan via Politics Group – 14 Jun 2018

“The Truth about Separating Kids,” National Review, by Rich Lowry, 28 May 10:37 PM

Excerpt: “The past practice had been to give a free pass to an adult who is part of a family unit. The new Trump policy is to prosecute all adults. The idea is to send a signal that we are serious about our laws and to create a deterrent against re-entry. … The migrant is allowed ten days to seek an attorney…” (source)

CNN – 28 May 2018

The federal government has placed thousands of unaccompanied immigrant children in the homes of sponsors, but last year it couldn’t account for nearly 1,500 of them.

BACKGROUND CONTEXT

The following videos and news stories provide some background context to past immigration challenges.

Obviously, past atrocities are not a justification for present ones. Yet for those genuinely wanting to be non-partisan, and focus on overall solutions, it’s important to be honest about how the U.S. has had an ugly history of abusive inhumane treatment toward Native Americans, slaves, Japanese Americans, immigrants, and others. A few stories below will relate that history.

Those wanting to have effective and informed discussions should be familiar with the history and context leading up to our present day situation.

Voice of America News – 20 Jun 2018

“Many Americans are expressing shock at the Trump administration’s policy of separating children from their parents at the United States’ border with Mexico. But throughout U.S. history, officials have taken such action. Here are some examples…” [More…]

ACLU – 10 Aug 2015 at 5:00 PM

“The Obama administration doubled down on one of its worst immigration legacies: the return and expansion of family detention. Responding to a court order holding that its family detention camps violated the 1997 Flores settlement agreement, the Obama administration Friday again defended family detention as necessary to send a message to Central American families that they are not welcome here—even though it concedes that most of them are fleeing persecution.” [More…]

New York Times – 25 Jul 2015

“A federal judge in California has ruled that the Obama administration’s detention of children and their mothers who were caught crossing the border illegally is a serious violation of a longstanding court settlement, and that the families should be released as quickly as possible.” [More…]

PBS NewsHour – 28 Aug 2014

“The U.S. Border Patrol has apprehended nearly 63,000 unaccompanied children at the southwest border just this year.”

Regarding Immigration Poster Child

One child became an unwitting icon and voiceless spokesperson for children in trauma on the U.S. border. As was explained in an NPR interview with the photographer who took the photo of the child, it was not known until later what happened to the girl and her mother. They were not separated. Once it was learned that they had not been separated, those supportive of the harsh policies said that people were using the child to represent separation, which was misleading — essentially trying to discredit those who were protesting the treatment of immigrants. Ultimately, the image continued to be used because it’s a strong portrayal of trauma.

The image was originally used in the header graphic for this page, but it’s now been replaced by a scene inside a holding cell, an image provided by US Customs and Border Patrol to MSNBC. Below is the original page header image.

Time Magazine used this photo as inspiration for their cover photo, and were criticized after it was discovered that the girl hadn’t been separated from her mother. In the video below, Time Magazine editor-in-chief Edward Felsenthal weighs in on the controversial cover.

Comments

Your feedback is welcome. Additions, corrections, or suggestions will help shape this document. If you see misrepresentations, bias, or missing information. Please use the comments area at the bottom of the document. Thanks!